Many of the original, iconic designs are still Artek's best sellers, especially those that utilize Aalto's patented method of bending wood.
He used complex forms and varied materials, acknowledged the character of the site, and gave attention to every detail of building. While we call one of Aalto's most famous designs a vase, you'll find that many of its fans and owners have found other creative uses for it just as Aalto had intended.
Yet his humanistic approach is in full evidence in the library: Due to problems over financing and a change of site, the Viipuri Library project lasted eight years, and during that same time he also designed the Standard Apartment Building in Turku, Turun Sanomat Building —30 and Paimio Sanatorium — His designs for stacking stools, chairs, tables, and other furnishings continue to be manufactured by Artek, a company founded by Aalto, his wife Aino Aalto —herself a gifted architect and designer—their patron Maire Gullichsen, and art historian Nils-Gustav Hahl to distribute the furniture and promote modern art and design through exhibitions.
It presented the first museum exhibition and publication devoted to his work inAlvar Aalto: Like Gropius, Aalto used smooth white surfaces, ribbon windows, flat roofs, and terraces and balconies. In these designs, both chosen in competition, he continued to use wood for structure and for surface effects.
The followingyear he married architect Aino Marsio, who would become his partner both in life and work. The high concrete socle was painted white. The Miesian formal language of geometric grids employed in the buildings was also used by Aalto for other sites in Helsinki, including the Enso-Gutzeit buildingthe Academic Bookstore and the SYP Bank building Modest in scale in its forest setting, it nonetheless asserts a quiet force.
What is typical for his entire career, however, is a concern for design as a Gesamtkunstwerk, a total work of art; whereby he — together with his first wife Aino Aalto — would design not just the building, but give special treatments to the interior surfaces and design furniture, lamps, and furnishings and glassware.
His furniture designs are considered Scandinavian Modern, in the sense of a concern for materials, especially wood, and simplification but also technical experimentation, which led to him receiving patents for various manufacturing processes, such as bent wood.
The warm textures of wood provided a welcome contrast to the general whiteness of the building. It was during this time that he followed closely the work of the main driving force behind the new modernism, Le Corbusierand visited him in his Paris office several times in the following years.
Influenced by the so-called International Style modernism or functionalism, as it was called in Finland and his acquaintance with leading modernists in Europe, including Swedish architect Erik Gunnar Asplund and many of the artists and architects associated with the Bauhaus, Aalto created designs that had a profound impact on the trajectory of modernism before and after World War II.
Both the office building and the sanatorium emphasize functional, straightforward design and are without historical stylistic references. MoMA has long placed Aalto among the key figures in modern architecture and design.
In works such as the Paimio Tuberculosis Sanatorium —33 and Viipuri City Library —35 he expanded the notion of a rational architecture, which for him relied too heavily on technical and functional considerations, by giving priority to the psychological and sensual aspects of design through means such as color, the sensitive modulation of light and sound, and materials, especially wood.
Many of his projects involved site planning of building groups. It was not until the completion of the Paimio Sanatorium and Viipuri Library that Aalto first achieved world attention in architecture. For the auditorium portion of the library Aalto devised an undulating acoustic ceiling of wooden strips, a fascinating detail that, together with his use of curved laminated wood furniture of his own design, appealed both to the public and to those professionals who had held reservations about the clinical severity of modern architecture.
The red iittala logo is recognized by every Finn and modern design fan alike, and many keep the "i" sticker on each product to showcase the trusted design and craftsmanship it symbolizes. Among the notable works from this period is the memorial to the Battle of Suomussalmi ; located on the battlefield, it consists of a leaning bronze pillar on a pedestal.
His continuing work in Finland, however, remained the measure of his genius. Aalto achieved an international reputation through his more than buildings and projects, ranging from factories to churches, a number of them built outside Finland.
Although the Turun Sanomat Building and Paimio Sanatorium are comparatively pure modernist works, they too carried the seeds of his questioning of such an orthodox modernist approach and a move to a more daring, synthetic attitude.
The growth of a new traditionin which Aalto received more attention than any other Modernist architect, including Le Corbusier. He favored a more heterogeneous architecture, with inspirations ranging from the birch and pine forests of his native country to the classical and Renaissance architecture of the Mediterranean.
Energy and imagination were ever present. His designs for stacking stools, chairs, tables, and other furnishings continue to be manufactured by Artek, a company founded by Aalto, his wife Aino Aalto —herself a gifted architect and designer—their patron Maire Gullichsen, and art historian Nils-Gustav Hahl to distribute the furniture and promote modern art and design through exhibitions.
The building heritage section works in close cooperation with the Finnish National Board of Antiquities. The Alvar Aalto collection of drawings contain ca. The original design was to include a private art gallerybut this was never built. It was founded in to foster the legacy of the architecture of Alvar Aalto.
An icon of Finnish design, the iittala Aalto Vase is one of the most famous glass pieces in history. Alvar Aalto created the design in and entered it in the Karhula-Iittala Glass Design Competition, in which it won first place. Alvar Aalto made his international breakthrough as a furniture designer.
Aalto wished to learn "the language of wood fibres" and believed that there is a positive effect when our skin comes into contact with natural materials.
InAino and Alvar Aalto founded the Finnish company Artek to manufacture their designs. Today, Artek remains faithful to. The Alvar Aalto Museum in Jyväskylä. This museum, which is specialised in architecture and design, is located in schmidt-grafikdesign.com was founded in to foster the legacy of the architecture of Alvar schmidt-grafikdesign.com museum is located in a building designed by Aalto and completed in Kansainvälinen Alvar Aalto Symposium kokoontuu Jyväskylässä asuntosuunnittelun ja -tutkimuksen ajankohtaisten aiheiden äärelle.
Alvar Aalto, the renowned Finnish architect, designer, and town planner, forged a remarkable synthesis of romantic and pragmatic ideas. His work reflects a deep desire to humanize architecture through an unorthodox handling of form and materials that was both rational and intuitive.
Alvar Aalto created a lasting legacy in modern design as an architect and designer. Aalto entered exhibitions and participated in innovative urban planning conferences, designed civic and cultural buildings, and conceptualized household furniture and objects.Alvar aalto